Here are the Federal Holidays officially recognized:
• January 1st : New Year’s Day which
• January – third Monday : Martin Luther King Jr.
• February – third Monday : Washington’s Birthday
• May – last Monday : Memorial day
• July 4th – Independence Day
• September – first Monday : Labor Day
• October – second Monday : Columbus Day
• November 11th : Veteran’s Day
• November – fourth Thursday : Thanksgiving Day
• December 25th : Christmas Day
What happens if these days fall on a day when you’re not normally scheduled to work?
As noted some Federal Holidays do not fall on an actual work day. For example, Christmas Day and Independence Day. If these days fall on a non-work day, by law you still are entitled to a day off. This is called the In-Lieu of Holiday and it falls on the next work day after the holiday. So if July 4th for example falls on a Saturday, then employees would have the following Monday the 6th off of work.
There are some federal holidays that fall in the same pay period. A person employed full-time is entitled to 8 hours of pay on the holiday where they do not work. For example, let’s say the employee works a flexible 5/4-9 schedule where they work over 8 hours per shift per day. The employee has to make up the extra hours during their normally scheduled days, or they can take annual leave or utilize credit hours.
Full-time employees are considered to be part of a 40-hour workweek structure although they likely put in more hours. When it comes to holidays, they are not required to work. Flex work schedules are credited with the 8 hours that are allocated to their 80-hour basic work week as required by their pay period.
Part-time employees are given holiday benefits when the holiday is on a day when they are scheduled to work, or would be required to take leave. Overtime work is not included. In general, part-time employees are compensated the number of basic non-overtime hours they usually have.
Working Nights? Here is how it works.
For employees who work nights, pay is distributed in addition to the appropriate holiday pay or the overtime pay decided upon. If an employee is not working their normal schedule overnight due to a holiday, then they receive their normal pay and additional holiday pay.
Sunday Worker? Here is how it works.
Sunday workers are entitled to their holiday pay if that Sunday is part of their normal weekly schedule. If the employee does not work on the holiday hour schedule on a Sunday, they receive their basic pay only because premium Sunday pay is not available unless the worker performs work on that day.